Basic American Football Rules

If you are new to American football, you might think that the game is complex. It is straightforward to follow football, especially if you understand the rules which govern the game. Here is a guide on the basic rules of football.

The Game

The football game is played between two teams with 11 players each on either side. They play for a total time of four quarters.

The main aim of the game is to move the ball to the opposite end zone by running with it and being tackled, or by passing the ball to another player to get to the end zone.

Usually, each team has 45 players, even though it is only 11 players who are allowed on the field. The key player of the game is the quarterback.


People who are new to football may not understand the idea behind downs. It is effortless and straightforward to understand.

The rule of downs is where a player (offence) is holding the ball, and he will need to move 10 yards forward while still at the offence. The field has already been marked clearly with yardage lines. The player has four chances or downs to move to that 10 yards. If the player is able to get the ball to that distance, the team get four downs and will also need to go forward for another 10 yards. If the offence fails to move forward to 19 yards, the defence gets the ball to play their offence.

Touchdown (6 Points)

The touchdown is when a team is able to cross to the opposition’s goal area with the ball or collects the ball in the end zone.

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